Solvent

S/no.

Chemical name

Molecular formula

Application

1

Methyl Chloride

CH3Cl

Chemical intermediate in the production of silicone polymers.

2

Methylene Chloride

CH2Cl2

Paint stripper and as a degreaser.

3

Acrylic Acid

C3H4O2

Production of acrylic esters, resins, plastics, water-soluble resins and salts, as a tackifier, as a flocculant, as a comonomer in acrylic emulsion and solution polymers and in molding powder for signs, construction units, decorative emblems and insignias. Used in oil treatment chemicals, detergent intermediates, water treatment chemicals, and water absorbent polyacrylic acid polymers. Also used as polymer solutions for coatings applications, in paint formulations, in leather finishings, in paper coatings, in polishes and adhesives and in general finishes and binders.

4

Hydrogen Peroxide

H2O2

Pulp and paper industry and manufacturing of detergent. Also used in the medical industry as antiseptic and anti-bacterial agent.

5

Perchloroethylene

C2Cl4

Dry cleaning solvent and metal degreaser.

6

Isopropyl Alcohol

C3H7OH

Cleaning fluid.

7

Fumaric Acid

C4H4O4

Food & beverages industry and medical industry.

8

Monopropylene Glycol

C3H8O2

Solvent in pharmaceutical industry and food & beverages industry.

9

Furfural

C5H4O2

Solvent in petrochemical refining and chemical intermediate for manufacturing of other solvents.

10

Ethylene Glycol (Monoethyl Ether)

C2H6O2

Coolant or antifreeze.

11

Butylene Carbonate

C5H8O3

Solvent in agriculture, inks, colorings, inorganic salts, textile industry, production of polyacrylonitrile fibers, accelerant in dyeing. Used also as an additive in fuel, lube and hydraulic fluids.

12

Dietheyleneglycol Methyl Ether

 

Anti-freezing and anti-icing additive, intermediate in polymer production and chemical reaction, solvent or plasticizer for plastic, lacquer, paint and varnish, hydraulic fluids, brake fluids, thermal exchange fluids and fuel additive, humidifying and plasticizing, dehydrating, coupling printing inks, textile conditioning, solvent for dyes in textile and leather finishing, agricultural formulation, general purpose cleaners, explosives manufacture, electrolytic component, humectant, water-based coating, preservative, rust remover, and disinfectant.

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