Inorganic Chemical

S/no.

Chemical name

Molecular formula

Application

1

Caustic Soda

NaOH

Pulp & paper industry, textile industry, soap & detergent industry and water treatment.

2

Soda Ash

Na2CO3

Manufacturing of glass container, fiberglass, specialty glass, flat glass, powdered detergents, medicine, food additive, photography, cleaning and boiler compounds and pH control of water.

3

Lithium Bromide

LiBr

Desiccant in air conditioning unit.

4

Anhydrous Hydroflouric Acid

HF

Oil refining industry, production of organofluorine compounds and fluorides, cleaning agent for stainless steel and as an etchant.

5

Sodium Tripolyphosphate (STPP)

Na5P3O10

Preservative in many foodstuffs, also used in toothpaste, soap and detergent.

6

Monoammonium phosphate (MAP)

H6NO4P

Fertilizer and (ABC) rated fire extinguishers.

7

Monopotassium phosphate (MKP)

KH2PO4

Fertilizer and in the medical and food industries.

8

Diammonium phosphate (DAP)

(NH4)2HPO4

Fertilizer and a fire retardant.

9

Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate

K2HPO4

Fertilizer, food additive and buffering agent.

10

Trisodium phosphate (TSP)

Na3PO4

Cleaning agent, food additive, stain remover and degreaser.

11

Sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP)

(NaPO3)6

Boiler water softener, deflocculant, dispersant and antiscale agent in water treatment industry.

12

Dipotassium Phosphate (DKP)

K2HPO4

Fertilizer, food additive and buffering agent.

13

Disodium Phosphate (DSP)

Na2HPO4

Anti-caking additive in powdered products. Food additive, fire-prevention agent for fabric, timber, paper and also as a water softening agent.

14

Monosodium Phosphate (MSP)

NaH2PO4

Laxative and buffering agent.

15

Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate (SAPP)

Na2H2P2O7

Food additive in food industry.

16

Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate (TSPP)

Na4P2O7

Buffering agent, an emulsifier, a thickening agent and as a food additive.

17

Tetra Potassium Pyrophosphate (TKPP)

K4P2O7

Electroplating, detergents, ceramic, clay, latex and pigments. Also in food industry as a food additive.

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